10Matera: The Ancient Cave City

Nestled in the southern region of Basilicata, Matera is often referred to as the “City of Stones” for its ancient cave dwellings known as Sassi.

These unique rock-carved structures have been continuously inhabited for thousands of years, making Matera one of the world’s oldest continuously inhabited cities. The winding streets, historic churches, and stunning cave hotels create a captivating atmosphere that transports visitors back in time. Matera’s Sassi have even earned the city a UNESCO World Heritage designation.